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রবিবার, ২৫ অক্টোবর ২০২০, ১০:৪৯ অপরাহ্ন

At a glance Bangabandhu Sheikh Mujibur Rahman

  • প্রকাশিত শনিবার, ১৫ আগস্ট, ২০২০
  • ৯২ বার পড়া হয়েছে

Education Desk : Father of the Nation Bangabandhu Sheikh Mujibur Rahman was born on 17 March 1920 in an aristocratic Muslim family in Tungipara village of Gopalganj subdivision (now district) of Faridpur district. Sheikh Mujib is the third of four daughters and two sons of Sheikh Lutfar Rahman and Mosammat Sahara Khatun. My parents used to call me Khoka. Khoka spent his childhood in Tungi-para.

At the age of 6, he started studying at Gimadanga Primary School. At the age of nine, he was admitted in the third class of Gopalganj Public School. He later enrolled in a local missionary school.

When he contracted beriberi at the age of 14, he underwent an eye operation in Calcutta and was temporarily suspended.

After four years of disruption, Sheikh Mujib re-entered the school.

At the age of 18, Bangabandhu and Begum Fazilatunnesa were married. They are the parents of two daughters Sheikh Hasina, Sheikh Rehana and three sons Sheikh Kamal, Sheikh Jamal and Sheikh Russell.

When undivided Bengal Chief Minister Sher-e-Bangla AK Fazlul Haque and Hossain Shaheed Suhrawardy visited Gopalganj Missionary School, Bangabandhu demanded that the school students fix the roof and repair the ditches.

Sheikh Mujib joined the All India Muslim Students Federation and was elected councilor of the Bengal Muslim Students Federation for one year. He was appointed secretary of the Gopalganj Muslim Defense Committee.

Passed SSC. He was admitted in the intermediate class in the humanities department of Calcutta Islamia College and was accommodated in the Baker Hostel. Bangabandhu became actively involved in the Pakistan movement in the same year.

He became involved in active politics and was elected a councilor of the Muslim League. He joined the All India Muslim League Council in Delhi.

He attended the conference of Nikhil Banga Muslim Chhatra League held in Kushtia and played an important role. He was elected secretary of the Faridpur District Association, an organization of Faridpur residents in Kolkata.

Bangabandhu was elected General Secretary (GS) of Islamia College Student Parliament.

He passed BA from Islamia College under Kolkata University. When the state of Pakistan was established after the partition of India, he played a leading role in preventing riots in Kolkata.

He was admitted to the law department of Dhaka University and founded the Muslim Chhatra League on 4 January. When Prime Minister Khwaja Nazim Uddin announced in the Legislative Assembly on 23 February that the people of East Pakistan would accept Urdu as the state language, Bangabandhu immediately protested. Khwaja Nazimuddin’s speech caused a storm of protests across the country. Sheikh Mujib started working to prepare for the movement against this plan of the Muslim League. Bangabandhu contacted students and political leaders. On March 2, a meeting of activists of various political parties was held to organize a movement against the Muslim League over language. In this meeting held at Fazlul Haque Muslim Hall, Bangabandhu’s proposal ‘All-Party State Language Struggle Council’ was formed on 7 May. Sangram Parishad called a general strike on March 11 to protest against the Muslim League’s conspiracy against the Bengali language. Bangabandhu was arrested along with his colleagues while protesting in front of the Secretariat on March 11 during a strike demanding Bengali language. Students across the country erupted in protest over the arrest of Bangabandhu. The Muslim League government was forced to release the arrested student leaders including Bangabandhu under the pressure of the student movement. Bangabandhu was released on 15 March. After the liberation of Bangabandhu, a student-public meeting was organized on 16 March at the Amtala of Dhaka University on the initiative of the All-Party Rashtrabhasha Sangram Parishad. Bangabandhu presided over this meeting. Police raided the meeting. From the meeting in protest of the police attack, Bangabandhu called for a strike on March 18 in educational institutions. He was arrested on 11 September in Faridpur for protesting against the cordon system.

Sheikh Mujib was released from jail on January 21. When the fourth class employees of Dhaka University went on strike to get their demands met, Bangabandhu supported the strike. On March 29, the university authorities unreasonably fined him for leading the workers’ movement. He rejected this unjust order with hatred. As a result, he was expelled from the university. He was arrested on April 19 for staging a sit-in in front of the vice-chancellor’s residence. The East Pakistan Awami Muslim League was formed on 23 June and Bangabandhu was elected joint secretary of the party while in jail. He was released in late July. After his release from jail, he started organizing a movement against the food crisis in the country. He was arrested in September for violating Section 144 and later released. He demanded the resignation of Nurul Amin at a meeting of the Awami Muslim League on October 11. The Awami Muslim League staged a hunger strike on the occasion of the arrival of the Prime Minister of Pakistan Liaquat Ali Khan. Sheikh Mujibur Rahman was arrested on 14 October for leading the procession. This time he was kept in jail for about two years and five months.

On January 26, Khwaja Nazimuddin declared that ‘Urdu will be the state language of Pakistan’. In protest, Bangabandhu called upon the Rashtrabhasha Sangram Parishad to observe February 21 as the day of release of political prisoners and demand for making Bengali the state language. On 14 February Bangabandhu started a hunger strike in the jail demanding this. On 21 February, the student society took out a procession in violation of section 144 demanding the state language to be Bengali. Salam, Barkat, Rafiq and Shafiur were martyred when police opened fire on the procession. In a statement from Bangabandhu Jail, he strongly condemned and protested the police firing on the student procession. He continued his fast for 16 consecutive days. He was transferred from Dhaka Jail to Faridpur Jail for keeping in touch with the protesters. He was released from Faridpur Jail on 26 February. In December, he attended the World Peace Conference in Peking.

On 9 July he was elected general secretary of the East Pakistan Awami Muslim League. An attempt was made to unite Maulana Bhasani, AK Fazlul Haque and Shaheed Suhrawardy with the aim of defeating the Muslim League in the general elections of the Pakistan Constituent Assembly. To this end, a special council of the party was convened on 14 November and a proposal to form a united front was adopted.

In the first general election on March 10, the United Front won 223 out of 237 seats. The Awami League got 143 seats. Bangabandhu defeated Wahiduzzaman, an influential leader of the Muslim League, in the Gopalganj constituency by 13,000 votes. On 15 May Bangabandhu became the Minister of Agriculture and Forests in the provincial government. On May 30, the central government dismissed the United Front cabinet. On 30 May Bangabandhu returned to Dhaka from Karachi and was arrested. He was released on 23 December.

On 5 June Bangabandhu was elected a member of the Constituent Assembly. At the initiative of the Awami League, a public meeting was held at Paltan Maidan in Dhaka on 16 June demanding 21 points for the autonomy of East Pakistan. On 23 June, the executive council of the Awami League decided that party members would resign from the legislature if East Pakistan was not given autonomy.

At the council session of the Awami Muslim League on 21 October, the word ‘Muslim’ was removed from the party’s name and Bangabandhu was re-elected general secretary of the party.

On February 3, Awami League leaders met the chief minister and demanded inclusion of the issue in the draft constitution in the provincial autonomy. A meeting of the Awami League on 14 July passed a resolution opposing the representation of the military in the administration. Bangabandhu proposed this decision. On 4 September a hunger strike led by Bangabandhu was taken out in violation of section 144 demanding food. Three people were killed when police opened fire on a procession in Chawkbazar area. On 18 September, Bangabandhu became the Minister of Industry, Commerce, Labor, Anti-Corruption and Village Aid in the Coalition Government.

Sheikh Mujib resigned from the cabinet on May 30 as per the party’s decision to reorganize the organization. On August 6, he paid official visits to China and the Soviet Union.

On 6 October, Major General Ayub Khan, Pakistan’s army chief, imposed martial law and banned politics. Bangabandhu was arrested on 11 October and harassed by filing one false case after another. After about fourteen months in jail, he was released and re-arrested at the jail gate. He was released on December 6, 1981 after filing a writ petition in the High Court. Bangabandhu conducted secret political activities with the aim of building a movement against military rule and Ayub. It was at this time that Bangabandhu set up a secret organization called ‘Swadhin Bangla Biplobi Parishad’ by eminent student leaders to work for the freedom struggle of Bangladesh.

On February 8, Bangabandhu was arrested under the Public Security Act. Bangabandhu was released on 18 June after four years of military rule. On 25 June, national leaders, including Bangabandhu, issued a joint statement against Ayub Khan’s basic democratic system. At a public meeting in the platoon on 5 July, Bangabandhu sharply criticized the Ayub government. At a public meeting in Paltan on 24 July, Bangabandhu sharply criticized the Ayub government. On 24 September Bangabandhu went to Lahore, where the Opposition Front National Democratic Front was formed under the leadership of Shaheed Suhrawardy. In October, he traveled all over Bengal with Shaheed Suhrawardy to create public opinion in favor of the Democratic Front.

While Suhrawardy was ill and staying in London for treatment, Bangabandhu went to London for consultation with him. Suhrawardy died in Beirut on 5 December.

The Awami League was revived at a meeting held at Bangabandhu’s residence on 25 January. The meeting passed a resolution calling for the introduction of a parliamentary system of government through the vote of the adult citizens of the country, including the realization of the fair rights of the common man. At the meeting, Maulana Abdur Rashid Tarkbagish and Bangabandhu Sheikh Mujib were elected president and general secretary respectively. On 11 March an all-party struggle council was formed under the leadership of Bangabandhu. A riot prevention committee was formed under the leadership of Bangabandhu against communal riots. Bangabandhu’s initiative to prepare for a united movement against Ayub after the riots. Bangabandhu was arrested 14 days before the presidential election.

A case was filed against Sheikh Mujib on charges of sedition and making offensive remarks. Sentenced to one year imprisonment. He was later released from Dhaka Central Jail on the orders of the High Court.

On 5 February, Bangabandhu presented a historic six-point demand to the selection committee on the subject of the National Conference of Opposition Parties in Lahore. The proposed 6 points were the Liberation Certificate of the Bengali Nation. On 1 March Bangabandhu was elected President of the Awami League. Bangabandhu started a mass communication tour all over Bengal with the aim of creating public opinion in favor of the 6 points. During this time he was repeatedly arrested in Sylhet, Mymensingh and Dhaka. Bangabandhu was arrested eight times in the first three months of this year. He was arrested again on May 8 after giving a speech at a public meeting of jute mill workers in Narayanganj. On 6 June a strike was observed across the country demanding the release of Bangabandhu and the detained leaders. During the strike, several people, including workers, were killed in police firing in Dhaka, Narayanganj and Tongi.

On 3 January, the Pakistani government filed a conspiracy case against 35 Bengali army and CSP officers in Agartala, accusing Bangabandhu of being the number one accused. On 17 January Bangabandhu was released from jail and re-arrested at the jail gate and detained at Dhaka Cantonment. Demonstrations started across the country demanding the release of the accused in the Agartala conspiracy case including Bangabandhu. The trial of the accused in the Agartala conspiracy case began on June 19 amid tight security in Dhaka Cantonment.

On 5 January, the Central Student Struggle Council was formed with the aim of realizing 11 demands including 6 points. The Central Students’ Struggle Council started a nationwide student movement demanding the withdrawal of the Agartala conspiracy case and the release of Bangabandhu. This movement turned into a mass movement. Later, the Ayub government called a roundtable meeting on February 1 and announced that Bangabandhu would be released on parole. Bangabandhu refused to be released on parole. On 22 February, in the face of continued public pressure, the central government withdrew the Agartala conspiracy case and released Bangabandhu and other accused. A reception was organized for Bangabandhu on 23 February at Racecourse (Suhrawardy Udyan) Maidan on the initiative of Central Student Struggle Council. Sheikh Mujibur Rahman was officially conferred the title of ‘Bangabandhu’ at this reception of about 1 million students. In his speech at Bangabandhu Racecourse Maidan, he fully supported the 11-point demand of the student community. On 10 March Bangabandhu attended Ayub Khan’s roundtable meeting in Rawalpindi. Bangabandhu presented 6-point demands of Awami League and 11-point demands of student society at the roundtable meeting and said, “There is no alternative but to give regional autonomy on the basis of 6-point and 11-point basis to resolve mass dissatisfaction.” He left the meeting and returned to Dhaka on 14 March. On 25 March, General Yahya Khan came to power by imposing martial law. On 25 October Bangabandhu left for London on a three-week organizational tour. On the occasion of the death anniversary of Shaheed Suhrawardy on 5 December, Bangabandhu named East Bengal ‘Bangladesh’ at a discussion meeting of the Awami League. He said, “Once upon a time, an attempt was made to erase the last trace of the word ‘Bangla’ from the pages of this country, from the pages of the map.” … The existence of the word ‘Bangla’ was not found with the name of anything other than ‘Bay of Bengal’. On behalf of those people, I am announcing that from today, the name of the eastern province of Pakistan will be ‘Bangladesh’ instead of ‘East Pakistan’.

On 7 January Bangabandhu was re-elected President of the Awami League. The decision to participate in the elections was taken at the meeting of the Awami League Executive Council on 1 April. At a public meeting at Racecourse Maidan on June 8, Bangabandhu called upon the people to elect the Awami League on the 6-point issue. On 18 September Bangabandhu chose the ‘boat’ symbol as his party’s election symbol and started his election campaign through the first election rally at Dholaikhal in Dhaka. In a radio and TV address to the nation on October 26, he appealed to the people to win the Awami League candidates in the implementation of 6 points. When one million people were killed in the coastal area of ​​Gorky on 12 November, Bangabandhu canceled his election campaign and moved to the affected areas, strongly condemning and protesting the indifference of the Pakistani rulers towards humanity. He called on the world to come to the rescue of the Gorky afflicted people. The Awami League won an absolute majority in the general elections on 7 December. In the then East Pakistan, the Awami League won 16 of the 189 seats in the National Assembly and 305 of the 310 seats in the Provincial Assembly.

Bangabandhu Sheikh Mujib administered the oath of office to the people’s representatives at a public meeting of the racecourse on 3 January. The Awami League members took an oath to write the constitution on the basis of 6 points and to be loyal to the people. On January 5, Zulfikar Ali Bhutto, the leader of the then-largest Pakistan People’s Party in West Pakistan, announced his agreement to form a coalition government with the Awami League at the center. Bangabandhu was elected the leader of the parliamentary party in a meeting of the National Assembly. On 26 January Zulfiqar Ali Bhutto came to Dhaka for talks with Bangabandhu. After three days of meetings, the talks failed. On 13 February, President Yahya Khan convened a meeting of the National Assembly in Dhaka on 3 March. Bhutto announced a boycott of the National Assembly meeting in Dhaka on 15 February and demanded the transfer of power to the two major parties in the two provinces. In a statement issued on 18 February, Bangabandhu sharply criticized Mr. Bhutto’s demand, saying, “Mr. Bhutto’s demand is completely unreasonable. Power should be handed over to the Awami League, the only majority party. The people of East Bengal now own power. ‘

On 1 March, when Yahya Khan announced the adjournment of the National Assembly for an indefinite period, there was a storm of protest all over Bengal. A nationwide strike was called on March 2 at an emergency meeting of the Awami League executive council chaired by Bangabandhu. After the strike was observed all over Bengal on March 3, Bangabandhu demanded the President to hand over power immediately.

On March 7, Bangabandhu Sheikh Mujibur Rahman declared from the crowd at the racecourse, ‘This time the struggle is for our liberation, this time the struggle is for freedom, Joy Bangla’. In his historic speech, Father of the Nation Bangabandhu called upon the Bengali nation to break the shackles and declared, “When I have given blood, I will give more blood. I will set the people of this country free, God willing. েকে Everyone builds forts from house to house. Everyone has to deal with what they have. ” Called for preparations for guerrilla warfare against the enemy. Bangabandhu called for a non-cooperation movement against the government of Yahya Khan. On the one hand, the instructions of President General Yahya would go, on the other hand, Bangabandhu’s instructions would go from Dhanmondi Road No. 32, the people of Bengal would follow Bangabandhu’s instructions. Offices-courts, banks-insurance, schools-colleges, cars, industries all followed Bangabandhu’s instructions. The unprecedented response of the people of Bengal to the non-cooperation movement by disobeying all the instructions of Yahya is a rare event in history. Originally from March 7 to March 25, Bangabandhu ruled Bangladesh as an independent country. The Mujib-Yahya meeting on the transfer of power began in Dhaka on 17 March. Mr. Bhutto also came to Dhaka for talks. Yahya-Mujib-Bhutto talks were held till March 24. Yahya left Dhaka in the evening on March 25 after the talks failed. On the night of March 25, the Pakistan army attacked the innocent unarmed Bengalis. The attack took place at Dhaka University, Peelkhana Rifle Headquarters and Rajarbagh Police Headquarters.

Bangabandhu declared the independence of Bangladesh on March 25 at 12:20 pm:

“This may be my last message, from today Bangladesh is independent. I call upon the people of Bangladesh wherever you might be and with whatever you have, to resist the army of occupation to the last. Your fight must go on until the last soldier of the pakistan occupation army is expelled from the soil of Bangladesh. The final victory is ours. ”

[Translation: ‘Perhaps this is my last message, Bangladesh is independent from today. I urge the people of Bangladesh that wherever you are and whatever you have in your hands, you must resist the occupying forces till the last moment. Until the last person of the occupying forces of Pakistan is expelled from the land of Bangladesh and until the final victory is achieved, you have to continue the war. ‘] This announcement was transmitted across Bangladesh.

He immediately sent the following announcement in Bengali-

“The Pakistani army has unexpectedly invaded the Peelkhana EPR base, the Rajarbagh police line and the fighting is going on in the streets of the city. I am appealing to the nations of the world for help. Our freedom fighters are fighting heroically to liberate the motherland. My appeal and command to you in the name of Almighty God is to continue fighting till the last drop of blood to liberate the country. We want the help of Police, EPR, Bengal Regiment and Ansar to come and fight by your side. There is no compromise. We will win. Expel the last enemy from the Holy Motherland. Spread the word to all Awami League leaders and activists and other patriotic people. God bless you. Joy Bangla. ”

He called upon the people of all walks of life including Bengali military and civilian fighters, students, workers and peasants to take part in the war of resistance against the invading Pakistani forces. This call of Bangabandhu was immediately sent all over the country through radio system in a special arrangement. Receiving this message at night, Bengali soldiers and officers in Chittagong, Comilla and Jessore cantonments put up resistance. Bangabandhu’s announcement was broadcast late at night from Chittagong radio station. The Pakistan Army arrested Bangabandhu from Dhanmondi House No. 32 in 1-10 minutes for the crime of declaring independence and took him to Dhaka Cantonment and on 26 March he was taken captive to Pakistan. In a speech on March 26, J. Yahya banned the Awami League and called Bangabandhu a traitor.

Chittagong Awami League leader MA Hannan read out Bangabandhu’s Declaration of Independence from Chittagong Swadhin Bangla Betar Kendra on March 26. On 10 April a revolutionary government was formed with Bangabandhu Sheikh Mujibur Rahman as President. The swearing in of the Government of Bangladesh was held on 18 April at Amrakan (Mujibnagar) in Baidyanathtala, Meherpur. Bangabandhu was elected President, Syed Nazrul Islam Acting President and Tajuddin Ahmed Prime Minister. After the liberation war led by the expatriate Bangladesh government, the victory was achieved through the surrender of the Pakistani forces at the historic racecourse ground on 16 December. Bangladesh gained independence. Earlier on September 6, Bangabandhu was secretly tried in the Layalpur military jail in Pakistan and was declared a traitor and sentenced to death. Freedom-loving people of different countries and the world demanded security of Bangabandhu’s life. On December 26, the government of Bangladesh demanded the immediate and unconditional release of Father of the Nation President Sheikh Mujibur Rahman. Various countries and international organizations, including India and the Soviet Union, called on the Pakistani government to release Bangabandhu, saying Sheikh Mujibur Rahman was the President of independent Bangladesh. He is the architect of Bangladesh, so Pakistan has no right to hold him captive. Bangladesh has already gained the recognition of many countries.

On January 7, the Pakistani government released Bangabandhu under international pressure. Zulfiqar Ali Bhutto met Bangabandhu. On the same day Bangabandhu was sent to London for Dhaka. On January 9, he met with British Prime Minister Edward Heath in London. On his way from London to Dhaka, Bangabandhu stopped at Delhi. President of India at the airport. V. Giri and Prime Minister Mrs. Indira Gandhi welcomed Bangabandhu.

When Father of the Nation Bangabandhu arrived in Dhaka on 10 January, he was given an unforgettable reception. Bangabandhu went straight to the racecourse ground from the airport and addressed the nation with tears in his eyes from the gathering of lakhs of people. On 12 January Bangabandhu became the Prime Minister. He visited India on 6 February at the invitation of the Government of India. After 24 years, the Dhaka University authorities withdrew Bangabandhu’s expulsion order and granted him life membership. On February 26, he visited the Soviet Union. On 12 March, at the request of Bangabandhu, the Indian Allied forces left Bangladesh. On May 1, he announced a pay rise for third- and fourth-class government employees. On July 30, Bangabandhu underwent surgery on his gallbladder in London. After the surgery he moved from London to Geneva. On 10 October, the World Peace Council awarded Bangabandhu the ‘Julio Curie’ award. On 4 November Bangabandhu announced the date of the first general election of Bangladesh (7 March 1973). On 15 December the Bangabandhu government announced the awarding of state titles to the freedom fighters. On 14 December Bangabandhu signed the first constitution of Bangladesh. The constitution of Bangladesh came into force on 16 December. The Islamic Foundation Establishment, Reorganization of Madrasa Education Board, Government of 40,000 Primary Schools including 11,000 Primary Schools, Women’s Rehabilitation Organization for the Welfare of Disadvantaged Women, Formation of Freedom Fighters Welfare Trust for Freedom Fighters, Land Rent Waiver up to 25 Bighas Economic infrastructure through the nationalization and commissioning of abandoned banks, insurance and 560 industrial units, employment of thousands of workers, Ghorashal Fertilizer Factory, initial work of Ashuganj Complex and other new industries, opening of closed factories and other problems. By gradually making the country one Attempts were made to turn it into a prosperous state. In a very short period of time, gaining recognition of almost all the states and gaining membership of the United Nations was a significant achievement of the Bangabandhu government.

The Awami League won 293 out of 300 seats in the first parliamentary elections. On September 3, the Awami League, CPB and NAP formed the Unity Front. On September 6, Bangabandhu went to Algeria to attend the Non-Aligned Movement Summit. On October 16, he visited Japan.

Recognition of Pakistan to Bangladesh on 22 February. On 23 February Bangabandhu left for Pakistan to attend the summit of the Organization of the Islamic Conference (OIC). He addressed the UN General Assembly in Bengal on 24 September.

January 25 Introduces presidential system of government and assumes the presidency of Bangabandhu. On 24 February, the national party Bangladesh Krishak Sramik Awami League was formed. Bangabandhu called upon all political parties and leaders of the country to join this national party on 25 February. He realized the need to make the Bengali nation self-reliant by reducing its dependence on foreign aid. Therefore, in order to achieve self-reliance, the economic policy has to be reshaped. He declared the program of the Second Revolution with the aim of creating food, clothing, shelter, medicine, education and job opportunities for the people by making freedom meaningful, the aim of which was to curb corruption; Increase production in farms and factories; Population control and establishment of national unity. In order to make rapid progress towards this goal, on June 7, Bangabandhu united all the political parties, professionals and intellectuals and created a platform which he named Bangladesh Krishak Sramik Awami League. Bangabandhu was elected chairman of this party.

He received an unprecedented response calling for the participation of the entire nation in the struggle for economic liberation. In a very short time the economic condition of the country began to improve. Production increases. Smuggling is stopped. Commodity prices fall under the control of the common man. With the impetus of new hope, the people of the country began to unite and move forward to bring the benefits of freedom to the homes of the people. But human happiness does not last long. On the morning of 15 August, Bangabandhu Sheikh Mujibur Rahman, the father of the Bengali nation, the architect of the best Bengali of the millennium, was assassinated at his residence by some ambitious officers of the army. On that day, Bangabandhu’s wife Mahiyasi Nari Begum Fazilatunnesa, Bangabandhu’s eldest son Muktijoddha Lt. Sheikh Kamal, son Lt. Sheikh Jamal, younger sons Sheikh Russell, two daughters-in-law Sultana Kamal and Rosie Jamal, Bangabandhu’s brother Sheikh Nasser, sister-in-law and Agriculture Minister Abdani , Arif Serniabat, grandson Sukant Abdullah Babu, nephew Shahid Serniabat, Bangabandhu’s nephew, youth leader and journalist Sheikh Fazlul Haque Moni and his pregnant wife Arju Moni, Bangabandhu’s security officer Colonel Jamil Ahmed and 14-year-old Abdul Naeem Khan Rintu Kills.

After the martyrdom of the great man Bangabandhu Sheikh Mujibur Rahman on 15 August 1975, military rule was imposed in the country. Democracy is killed and fundamental rights are taken away. The politics of murder, coup and conspiracy began. People’s right to rice and vote was taken away. The world has provisions for the trial of murderers to protect human rights, but a military ordinance was issued in Bangladesh to exempt the self-confessed murderers of the Father of the Nation from trial. General Ziaur Rahman illegally seized power through military rule and violated the sanctity of the constitution by incorporating a notorious black law called the Indemnity Ordinance through the Fifth Amendment. The killers are rewarded with jobs at various embassies abroad.

After the Bangladesh Awami League came to power on 23 June 1996 under the leadership of Bangabandhu’s daughter Sheikh Hasina, the Jatiya Sangsad repealed the infamous Indemnity Ordinance. August 15 is a scandalous day in the life of the nation. This day is celebrated by the Bengali nation as a day of national mourning. Source: Bangladesh Awami League

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